Depending on the specific tradition, Paramatma may be called the Supreme Self, the Supersoul, the Collective Consciousness, Absolute Reality, Absolute Truth, God and/or Brahman. When the individual self – often referred to as simply atman – reaches unity with Brahman, it becomes Paramatman and all worldly individuality vanishes. Selflessness takes over.
In Vedic scriptures, there's a story of jiva-atman's separation from Paramatman and the soul's subsequent fall into the world of earthly birth and death/decay. Among Hindu and yogic traditions, the ultimate goal of human existence is union with Paramatman to end this life-death cycle.
Depending on the specific Hindu tradition, Paramatman can be described as reaching one of the following states:
- Moksha - liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth
- Bhakti - obtaining pure, divine love
- Jivanmukta (jivamukti) - Self-knowledge that provides liberation while living