Dragonfly pose is a powerful posture because of the openness it requires in the hips, as well as the strength, body awareness, and balance involved in holding the posture. It is a very beneficial pose for cultivating strength and balance, and for toning the muscles of the legs and abdomen.
This pose is so named because the body is thought to resemble a dragonfly while in this posture. As such, it is also considered a “flying” pose because the body's weight is lifted up and supported only by the hands.
Generally, dragonfly pose is a peak pose in a yoga class, as it is challenging and should only be attempted once the body is warmed up and the core muscles are activated. It is best to prepare the body for dragonfly pose by performing hip-opening postures, such as pigeon pose (kapotasana), and postures such as chaturanga dandasana (four-limbed staff pose) that engage the core.