Definition - What does Salvation mean?
Salvation is a term that describes protection or rescue from harm. As a religious term, it refers to the act of saving souls from sin or suffering. In Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism, the word for salvation is moksha or mukti.
This concept is described in ancient yogic texts, such as the Upanishads and "The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali." Salvation is what occurs when someone escapes the cycle of birth, death and rebirth to reach a state of completeness. Many of these Eastern religions believe that the state of moksha can be achieved through sadhana, a set of disciplines that includes the practice of yoga and meditation.
Yogapedia explains Salvation
In Hinduism, the means for reaching salvation differ among the various denominations. But the basic principles are always the same and most sects describe four means of salvation:
- Karma yoga: the path of selfless action, wherein salvation is achieved via selfless acts (like religious rites) that are performed for a greater cause and with no hopes for personal achievement.
- Jnana yoga: the path of knowledge, wherein salvation is achieved by using the mind, its knowledge, philosophy and disciplined study.
- Bhakti yoga: the path of devotion, wherein salvation is attained through devotion to and worship of a deity. This path is recommended in the Bhagavad Gita and is sometimes considered the ultimate goal of the first two paths to salvation.
- Ashtanga/Raja yoga: the "royal path," wherein salvation is reached through yoga practice and meditation techniques.