Definition - What does Vetta mean?
Vetta is a Sanskrit term that is typically translated as “knower” in Hindu and yogic philosophy. It also refers to a type of Indian sandalwood, that when dried, is used as a treatment in Ayurveda, the traditional Indian system of medicine and the sister science to yoga.
In the context of “knower,” vetta generally represents someone who has knowledge, but typically, it refers to a deeper or higher spiritual knowledge. For example, sarva-sastrartha-vetta is someone who knows the meaning of all scriptures. Addhyatma vetta is the knower of spiritualism, and Brahma-vetta is one who knows Brahma.
Yogapedia explains Vetta
In the Bhagavad Gita, the term vetta suggests one who has attained the spiritual knowledge necessary for Self-realization and enlightenment. Jnana yoga is the yogic path to enlightenment associated with knowledge. From the same Sanskrit root, the Vedas are ancient Hindu texts containing knowledge that ranges from the spiritual and rituals to philosophy. One who is thoroughly versed in the Vedas is also called a vetta.
In Ayurveda, vetta from sandalwood (vetta-candana) is a cooling agent. It is used on burns and various skin diseases to provide cooling reliefs, but is also used to quell fevers. It treats conditions that include coughing, blood disorders, cataracts and vomiting.