Ahimsa: The Number One Yama of the First Limb of Yoga

By Aimee Hughes
Published: November 29, 2017 | Last updated: August 20, 2020
Key Takeaways

Ahimsa challenges us to be kind in our thoughts, words and actions toward others and ourselves.

Source: Nikhil Gangavane -

In The YogaSutras, the great sage, Patanjali, divided yoga into eight essential "limbs," or steps, to wholeness. The first limb is yama, of which there are five, and ahimsa is the first.


The 8 limbs of yoga yama niyama asana pranayama pratyahara dharana dhyana samadhi

Meaning "non-violence" or "non-harming," ahimsa it is a way of being that eliminates harmful actions, words and thoughts.


The yamas are outlined in a very intentional order; when you master one, the next one typically comes much easier.

Therefore, ahimsa is the perfect yama to start with and will be the focus of this article.

The Five Yamas

The first two limbs discussed in The Yoga Sutras are yama and niyama. The yama and niyama are behavioral observances and codes for ethical behavior necessary to lead a spiritual life.


The five yamas are: ahimsa, satya (truthfulness), asteya (non-stealing), Bramacharya (celibacy or abstaining from pleasure-seeking) and aparigraha (non-possessiveness).

the five yamas satya aparigraha brahmacharya ahimsa asteya

Read: The First Step of Yoga: Yama

All of these virtues enrich our lives and can easily be applied to our yoga practice. Cultivating these qualities shows us how to stay grounded.

They illuminate the discipline necessary to walk the road of yoga.

We need to practice a certain amount of control over ourselves. If we’re not able to do this, we will feel as if we are always putting out fires and cleaning up the messes we’ve made in our lives.

Applying the First Yama (Ahimsa)

To Animals

Ahimsa is a form of compassion, friendliness and kindness for all living beings. Some people include animals in this perspective and refrain from eating meat or using any animal byproducts. This is one of the reasons why so many yogis are vegetarians or vegans.

Read: 3 Reasons Why Yogis Love Plant-Based Diets

To Mankind

Ahimsa needs to take place in every situation that occurs in our lives if we are to walk the spiritual path. Ahimsa can be as simple as refraining from gossip because talking harmfully about someone else is considered to be himsa (harming) in action.

We would also not want to support someone else’s harmful behavior. This is seen as himsa, too. Even looking at a beggar on the street with disgust goes against the practice of non-harming.

Really, any thought, word or action that acts as an obstacle to freedom for ourselves or another is considered harmful in nature.

This total sense of non-violence and non-harming brings about love, positivity and goodness – all qualities that we want to develop as yogis and spiritual aspirants.

To Yourself

We all need to work to cultivate ahimsa toward ourselves. Refraining from violence toward ourselves may be one of the greatest challenges of being human.

Negative self-talk and self-sabotage are constantly acting as obstacles on the path to self-realization. If you were to record the negative voices in most people’s heads on any given day, you’d understand better just how difficult self-acceptance is.

So many of our thoughts are unconscious and deeply ingrained – like the grooves in a record.

Read: You Are Not Your Thoughts

The beauty of yoga and meditation is that they help us to stop the needle on the record from making new grooves or making those grooves deeper.

Within our practice we learn self-love and self-care practices in order to cultivate ahimsa toward ourselves.

To Your Yoga Practice

When we apply ahimsa to our yoga practice, the same holds true. Sometimes we can approach our yoga and meditation practices with a kind of aggressive striving (sthira) or competitive energy.

We think, “I’m going to conquer my mind or get into that asana if it's the last thing I do!"

Sometimes the intention beneath the path of self-improvement is far from being one of self-love. It can often have a jagged edge to it, feeling like we are beating ourselves up, instead of accepting ourselves as we are.

Nature Versus Ahimsa

Another way of looking at ahimsa is to understand our animal nature and then rise above it.

By nature, animals are violent; they take from others in order to survive. But we humans can rise above this though our ethics and code of conduct because we’ve been given all the faculties to do so.

During These Times of Stress and Uncertainty Your Doshas May Be Unbalanced.

To help you bring attention to your doshas and to identify what your predominant dosha is, we created the following quiz.

Try not to stress over every question, but simply answer based off your intuition. After all, you know yourself better than anyone else.

Share This Article

  • Facebook
  • Pinterest
  • Twitter

Written by Aimee Hughes

Aimee Hughes

Aimee is a yogi and writer who's been practicing yoga daily for more than 21 years. Since a journey to India when she was 20, the practice has been her constant companion. She loves exploring the vast and seemingly endless worlds of yoga. Aimee has also written a book titled, "The Sexy Vegan Kitchen: Culinary Adventures in Love & Sex." You can find her at her new site:

Related Articles

Go back to top