Gyan mudra is used while in padmasana and other meditative yoga poses. It is also used while practicing certain breathing techniques including nadi shodhana pranayama and ujjayi.
Gyan mudra symbolizes the union of Self with the universe, the unification of one's soul and the supreme Soul. The thumb symbolizes the supreme Soul, the index finger refers to the practitioner's soul, the middle finger represents sattva ("purity" and "true wisdom"), the ring finger represents rajas ("passion" and "action"), and the little finger symbolizes tamas ("lethargy" and "darkness"). Gyan mudra is an excellent representation of the yogic philosophy of evolving from the state of ignorance to wisdom and from darkness to enlightenment. Practicing this mudra helps the practitioner to eliminate negative forces and focus on attaining true knowledge.
Additional benefits of gyan mudra include:
- Promotes proper flow of prana
- Cures indigestion
- Addresses sleeping disorders
- Improves focus
- Enhances memory power
- Relieves and prevents stress and anger
- Promotes sense of balance