Definition - What does Parivrtta Natarajasana mean?
Parivrtta natarajasana is a simple standing yoga pose that requires basic balance and flexibility in the lower back and hips. The name comes from the Sanskrit, parivrtta, meaning “revolved” or “twisted”; nata, meaning “dancer”; raja, meaning “king”; and asana, meaning “pose” or “posture.”
In this asana, the yogi stands on one leg and lifts the other with the knee bent. The arms are spread to the sides with bent elbows and palms facing forward, similar to a surrender sign. The torso twists toward the raised knee.
Parivrtta natarajasana is also known in English as Shiva twist.
Yogapedia explains Parivrtta Natarajasana
Traditionally, parivrtta natarajasana is believed to activate the manipura (solar plexus) chakra. By opening the manipura chakra through practice of parivrtta natarajasana, the yogi gains self-esteem and a sense of power and energy. A healthy manipura chakra also helps the yogi to be self-motivated and decisive.
In addition to its physical benefits, parivrtta natarajasana improves overall mood, boosts memory and concentration, and increases focus. It is a good physical, mental and spiritual warmup for more challenging balancing asanas such as the full pose, natarajasana, in which one leg kicks back and the corresponding hand reaches back to grab the foot while the other arm extends forward. Other asanas for which parivrtta natarajasana is a good preparatory posture for include vriksasana, dandayamana janushirsasana and virabhadrasana 3.