Definition - What does Goddess Pose mean?
Goddess pose is a powerful posture for opening the hips and stretching the inner thighs and groin. It is also a strengthening posture, particularly for the lower body.
To enter this pose, begin standing in a wide stance with the toes turned out and the knees bent, bringing the lower body into a wide-legged squat. The arms extend out at shoulder height and are bent at the elbows so the forearms are vertical, with the palms facing forward and the fingers pointing up. It can be modified by placing the hands on a chair, or practicing with the back against a wall for support. The arm position can also be varied.
The Sanskrit name for goddess pose is utkata konasana.
Yogapedia explains Goddess Pose
Goddess pose is considered highly beneficial for the body because it strengthens the muscles of the legs, glutes, calves and ankles. It simultaneously stretches and opens the hips and chest and lengthens the spine. It is a powerful, warming and energizing posture, stimulating the respiratory and cardiovascular systems.
Due to the effect of this posture on the pelvis, and particularly the muscles of the pelvic floor, this posture is especially beneficial for pregnant women. It is said to help create more space in the pelvis, easing pregnancy and labor. It may be helpful for pregnant women to use a wall or a chair to support their balance in this posture.
Various modifications are possible using different hand positions. For example, the hands can be raised straight overhead, or placed in prayer position in front of the chest. For a deeper variation, the heels can be lifted off the ground.