Gomukhasana helps increase the flexibility of the back, aids in the treatment of sciatica, stimulates the kidneys, and stretches the hips and thighs. This asana also stimulates the svadisthana (spleen or sacral) chakra and the anahata (heart) chakra. These chakras are the centers of pleasure, enjoyment, love and compassion, which makes gomukhasana a powerful pose.
Gomukhasana can be difficult for practitioners with very tight shoulders. If the practitioner's hands cannot touch, a yoga strap can be used to ease the strain. If the individual has trouble getting both sit bones to rest evenly on the floor or with stacking the knees, using a folded blanket or bolster to lift and support the sit bones/knees can be very helpful.