Pancha Jnanendriya

Definition - What does Pancha Jnanendriya mean?

Pancha jnanendriya are the five means of perceiving, or the sensory organs. The term comes from the Sanskrit, pancha, meaning “five”; jnana, meaning “awareness” or “higher knowledge”; and indriya, meaning “sense” or “organ.” They are known as the lower sense organs that allow humans to perceive the world around them.

The pancha jnanendriya include the nose (ghrana), eyes (caksu), tongue (rasana), skin (tvak) and ears (srotra). They are related to, but differ from, the five senses, known as the pancha tanmatra: smell, form, taste, touch and sound.

Yogapedia explains Pancha Jnanendriya

Pratyahara is one of The Eight Limbs of Yoga and consists of controlling the mind and the sense organs, both the jnanendriya and the pancha karmendriya (five organs of action), which include the feet, hands, rectum, genitals and mouth.

In Saivism, one of the classic schools of Hinduism, the pancha jnanendriya are a subcategory of the 24 ashuddha tattvas (impure realities or truths). In Hindu philosophy, tattvas are used to explain the universe's existence. The jnanendriya and the other impure tattvas describe the universe and living beings, while the pure tattvas deal with the Absolute or Supreme Being.

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