According to Vedanta literature, antahkarana consists of four parts:
- Manas (mind) – the lower, rational part of the mind that connects with the external world
- Chitta (memory) – the consciousness where impressions, memories and experiences are stored
- Buddhi (intellect) – the decision-making part of the mind
- Ahamkara (ego) – the attachment or identification of the ego, also known as “I am-ness.”
Antahkarana refers to the whole psychological process, including emotions. In some Hindu traditions, the antahkarana may refer to two levels of the mind, both the intellect (buddhi) and the middle mind or mental body (manas).