Although there are many gods in Hinduism, there is one widely
recognized central God, Creator, Consciousness or Supreme Self that is often interpreted
under different philosophies and names.
Different schools of Hinduism give different
definitions and levels of importance to Ekam. It is believed by some Hindu
dominations to be the supreme and ultimate Self from which everything in
existence has been formed, and is existent inside everything within the universe.
Shaivists use ekam to refer to the unity of God, while the Ayyavazi denomination
believes Ekam is a separate entity beyond gods and known powers.