Shat-sampat

Definition - What does Shat-sampat mean?

Shat-sampat is composed of the six virtues in Jnana yoga and is one of the Sadhana Chatushtaya, or the Four Pillars of Knowledge. These virtues are thought to train the yogi to overcome the illusion of the physical world.

The other three pillars are:

  • Viveka (the discernment of what is real versus what is not),
  • Vairagya (the detachment from material possessions and the ego)
  • Mumukshutva (an intense desire to be freed from suffering and complete commitment to Jnana yoga)

Yogapedia explains Shat-sampat

Shat-sampat is considered a form of mental training that allows the yogi to develop mental discipline and control.

The six virtues are:

  • Shama, or the ability to be calm and keep a peace of mind
  • Dama, or the ability to control the senses and, therefore, reactions to external stimuli
  • Uparati, or renouncing anything that doesn't fit your dharma (duty)
  • Titiksha, or persevering through suffering
  • Shraddha, or trusting and having faith in the path of Jnana yoga
  • Samadhana, or total concentration and focus of the mind
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