Udaram

Definition - What does Udaram mean?

Udaram is a Sanskrit term derived from the root word, udara, meaning "active." It is one of the four stages of the kleshas, or mental states that are obstacles to enlightenment and cause suffering.

Udaram is the natural, active stage in which the klesha is in the forefront. For example, when the klesha of attachment (raaga) is in the udaram stage, the yogi will feel desire for things, status or other attachments that leads to anxiety and worry. Others kleshas mentioned in Patanjali's Yoga Sutras are delusion (avidya), egoism (asmita), repulsion (dvesha) and will to live (abhinivesha).

Yogapedia explains Udaram

To overcome the kleshas, the yogi must proceed through the four stages of the kleshas. The order in which this occurs can vary, but often takes this path:

  • Udaram, the klesha's natural, active state
  • Vicchinna, a temporary weakened or attenuated state
  • Tanu, in which the klesha survives in the subconscious, but does not agitate the mind
  • Prasupta, the dormant state

Movement through the stages is not irreversible. If the conditions are right, kleshas in vicchinna, tanu or prasupta can move to the udaram stage. Such yoga practices as meditation, pranayama and even asanas can help the yogi move from udaram and progress along the path to overcoming the kleshas and achieving enlightenment.

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