Vijay Dasami

Definition - What does Vijay Dasami mean?

Vijay Dasami is the Hindu celebration of good over evil. From Sanskrit, vijay, means “victorious” or “vanquishing”; and dasami means “tenth.” Vijay Dasami is celebrated on the final day of the autumn festival of Sharada Navratri, or the 10th day of the month of Ashwin, which overlaps September and October.

Vijay Dasami is observed in different ways, depending on the region and tradition, and goes by different names, including Bada Dashain and Dusshera.

Yogapedia explains Vijay Dasami

Hindus celebrate Vijay Dasami with social gatherings and by sharing gifts with family and friends. Because it also corresponds to the start of the harvest season, rituals may seek blessings for a good harvest and for prosperity in general. In eastern India, Hindus carry clay statues of Durga in procession to a river or the ocean, where they are dissolved in the water, symbolizing Durga's return to Shiva.

Vijay Dasami marks several different legends of the victory of good over evil, including:

  • Durga's victory over the demon, Mahishasura, which helped restore dharma
  • The Mother Goddess vanquishing the demons, Shumbh and Nishumbh
  • Lord Rama's victory over the 10-headed demon, Ravana, who had kidnapped his wife
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