Definition - What does Buddhasana mean?
Buddhasana is the Sanskrit name for a pose in the fourth series of Ashtanga yoga. Buddhasana is derived from the term buddha, meaning “awakened,” and asana, meaning “posture.”
To perform buddhasana, the yogi starts in dandasana, or staff pose, and brings one leg up and the thigh behind the shoulder. The knee bends and the foot comes toward the opposite shoulder. The hands come together at the heart, the drishti (gaze) is upward and the pose is held for 5 breaths. To release, the yogi brings the leg back to dandasana, practicing the exit through vinyasa, before repeating the pose on the other side.
In English, buddhasana is also known as awakened pose.
Yogapedia explains Buddhasana
The fourth series of Ashtanga includes many advanced postures, including buddhasana, where the yogi brings the leg behind the body. A yogi is ready to attempt the fourth series, when they have mastered the primary, intermediate and third series, as they will have developed the strength, flexibility and mental endurance needed to attempt more complicated postures.
Buddhasana is the first in a series of postures that involve bringing one or both legs behind the body. In this advanced foundation pose, the yogi remains seated in an upright position while developing the ability to hold one leg behind the body, without using the hands for support, while the other leg remains extended on the floor. Breath is important in this posture; the yogi inhales as the leg rises and exhales as they bring the leg behind the body and head, holding the posture for five breaths and releasing on an exhale back to dandasana.