Definition - What does Tatiya Jhana mean?
Tatiya jhana is the third of the four levels of meditation on "form," or rupa jhanas, in Buddhism. The term comes from two languages with roots in India: Pali and Sanskrit. Tatiya means “third” or “instrumental” in Sanskrit, while jhana means “concentration of mind” or “meditation” in Pali. Dhyana, one of The Eight Limbs of Yoga as described in the Yoga Sutras, is typically cited as the Sanskrit term for jhana.
The rupa jhanas are levels of meditation in which the mind focuses on a material or mental object. Once the yogi masters these jhanas, he/she is ready to move on to a series of four levels of higher meditation known as the arupa (“formless”) jhanas, which are though to lead to enlightenment.
Yogapedia explains Tatiya Jhana
In tatiya jhana, the yogi is mindful and clearly knowing in his/her meditative state. Two factors are associated with this jhana:
- Sukha (meditative happiness)
- Ekagrata (single-minded concentration)
By the time the yogi reaches the level of tatiya jhana, he/she has cast off the factors of vitarka (conceiving mentally/thinking), vichara (sustaining the mental focus) and priti (meditative joy). To reach the final level of rupa jhana, the yogi must dispose of sukha. Although happiness appears to be a positive factor, it still agitates the mind. Only by releasing his/her attachment to sukha can the yogi be free to move ahead on the path to enlightenment.
The rupa jhanas, in order, are:
- Pathama jhana (directed thought)
- Dutiya jhana (internal assurance)
- Tatiya jhana (equanimity with pleasure)
- Catuttha jhana (total equanimity)