Dutiya Jhana

Last updated: December 21, 2023

What Does Dutiya Jhana Mean?

Dutiya jhana is the second of the successive levels of meditation in the Buddhist tradition. The term derives from the related languages of Pali and Sanskrit. Dutiya means “second” or “following” in Sanskrit, while jhana is translated as “meditation” or “concentration of mind” in Pali. In Sanskrit, the term for jhana is usually dhyana, which is one of The Eight Limbs of Yoga as described in the Yoga Sutras.

Dutiya jhana is one of four meditations that collectively are known as rupa jhanas, or meditations on “form,” which means the mind is focused on material or mental objects. Once the yogi masters these jhanas, he/she proceeds to the arupa jhanas, which are higher levels of “formless” meditation.


Yogapedia Explains Dutiya Jhana

In dutiya jhana, the yogi’s concentration becomes easier than in the first level of meditation, which is called pathama jhana. Although the yogi still focuses on a physical or mental object in dutiya jhana, the object of concentration does not need to be as engrossing.

The yogi must work through three factors in dutiya jhana. They are:

  • Priti (meditative joy)
  • Sukha (meditative happiness)
  • Ekagrata (single-minded concentration)

Although they are positive factors, they all serve to agitate the mind. To reach the next stage of meditation, the yogi must release some aspect of attachment in these factors.

The rupa jhanas, all of which have the goal of unification of the mind, are:

  • Pathama jhana (directed thought)
  • Dutiya jhana (internal assurance)
  • Tatiya jhana (equanimity with pleasure)
  • Catuttha jhana (total equanimity)

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