The other brahmaviharas are:
- Metta, which means "loving kindness."
- Karuna, which means "compassion."
- Mudita, which means "empathetic joy."
Collectively, they are considered the qualities of
authentic love. Upekkha and the other brahmaviharas are not just
concepts in Buddhism; Patanjali discusses the importance of these same four states of mind in his Yoga Sutras.
By practicing upekkha and other brahmaviharas, it is believed that the yogi may be reborn in the
Brahma realm, or heaven, in the next life. To cultivate upekkha,
the yogi must give up attachment to possessions, to egoistic thoughts
of self and to intentions to which he/she clings. Upekkha, therefore,
allows a loving connection without possessiveness.