As one of the Vedangas, kalpa focuses
on ritual instructions, including rites of passage. It also
explores the concepts of individual duty and proper conduct. In general, the
Vedangas provide insight into not only the rituals of the
Vedas, but the meters, structure, meaning and language of the ancient
text. They also provide understanding of other post-Vedic texts and
aspects of Hindu and yogic philosophy.
In addition to kalpa, the Vedangas are:
- Chhandas - The study of prosody,
which looks at poetic meter. This includes analyzing the number of
syllables per verse and any fixed patterns within them.
- Shiksha - The study of phonology,
phonetics and pronunciation. This focuses on the letters of the
Sanskrit alphabet and the way words are combined and expressed in a
- Vyarkarana - The analysis of
grammar and linguistics in order to establish the precise way in
which words and sentences were constructed to express ideas.
- Nirukta - The study of
etymology. It is concerned with proper interpretation of the
Sanskrit words, given their context in the ancient texts.
- Jyotisha - The study of
timekeeping. It deals with the astrological and astronomical aspects
of selecting the most dates and times to perform Vedic rituals and