The Vaishya varna evolved from a class
of uneducated farmers and tradesman to one that became an economic
force in Indian society, as it encompassed skilled laborers,
landowners, business owners and educated professionals. Although
considered one of the lower varnas, the Vaishya varna has included
many wealthy and successful people.
The varnas and their paths to moksha
- Brahmin –
the priestly and teacher caste.
Moksha is achieved through
Jnana yoga (learning and knowledge).
- Kshatriya –
the ruler and public service caste.
Moksha is achieved
through Karma yoga (good works).
- Vaishya –
the business and merchant caste.
Moksha is attained through
Bhakti yoga (devotion to the Divine).
- Sudra/Dalit –
the semi-skilled and unskilled workers.
Moksha is attained
through Bhakti yoga.
Hinduism offers a path to moving up the
caste system via reincarnation. Someone who fulfills his/her duty
(dharma) in one life may improve his/her social position in the