There are many types of mudras,
each thought to have a specific effect on the body and mind by
clearing the psychic centers and energy channels. Although the hand
mudras are the most common in yoga, there are also head, postural,
lock and perineal mudras.
Other types of hasta mudras include:
- Believed to increase vitality and activate the
root chakra. The middle and index fingers remain extended while the
little finger, ring finger and thumb touch.
- Often employed at the beginning and end of yoga
class as a salutation. The palms of both hands are placed in front
of the chest in a prayer position.
- Gyan mudra
- Practiced to reduce stress and relax the mind for
meditation. The tip of the thumb and index finger touch with the
palms facing upward. Also known as chin mudra, it is one of the most
recognized of the mudras.
Believed to help
release pent-up emotions. Each hand makes a fist and the thumb
stretches over the first three fingers to touch the ring finger.
Thought to uplift the body and mind. With the
palms facing up, the hands rest on the knees from the seated