Parameshti Guru

Last updated: December 21, 2023

What Does Parameshti Guru Mean?

Parameshti guru is a high level, divine guru in the Hindu and yogic traditions. Parameshti is a Sanskrit word that means “divine,” “God” or “creator.” A guru is defined as a trusted spiritual master and teacher. The parameshti guru is an integral part of the parampara system, the succession of knowledge from one guru to the next.

In many yoga traditions, an intimate relationship with the guru is akin to a relationship with the Divine and is considered to be fundamental to the achievement of enlightenment.


Yogapedia Explains Parameshti Guru

In parampara, the yogi reveres not just his/her guru, but all other preceding gurus. It is the means by which the teaching of yoga has survived the ages. The parameshti guru is the one who has the power to bestow moksha, a state of liberation and oneness with the Divine.

The lineage of gurus varies by tradition, but may be referred to in this way:

  • Guru (the immediate guru)
  • Paramaguru (the guru of the guru)
  • Parameshti guru (the paramaguru’s guru)
  • Parapara guru (parameshti guru’s guru)

In some traditions, the parameshti guru is the highest level of guru, while in others (as in this example), the parameshti guru is the supreme guru and the parapara guru is the eternal guru.

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