Brahma Sutras

Last updated: December 21, 2023

What Does Brahma Sutras Mean?

The “Brahma Sutras” is a Sanskrit text believed to date from around 450 to 200 B.C.E. and is attributed to Badarayana, a guru who emphasized knowledge over rituals. It systematically summarizes the philosophical and spiritual concepts discussed in the Upanishads. As such, it is said to be one of the three most influential texts of Vedanta, alongside the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita.


Yogapedia Explains Brahma Sutras

The “Brahma Sutras” contains four chapters of 555 verses, or sutras. Each chapter has a different emphasis:

  • Chapter 1 – discusses the metaphysical concept of Absolute Reality
  • Chapter 2 – addresses the objections raised by the different ideas of competing schools of thought among Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism
  • Chapter 3 – explains epistemology and the path to obtaining spiritual knowledge
  • Chapter 4 – emphasizes on a human level the importance of such knowledge

The main focus of the “Brahma Sutras,” however, is on ideas of the universe, human existence and Brahman, or the Ultimate Reality. The “Brahma Sutras” portrays a spiritual path as one of internalized philosophy.

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Vedanta Sutra

Sariraka Sutra

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