spiritual exercises that comprise anuttara puja, also known as
“sevenfold worship,” are:
- Vandana (obeisance, bowing down) and puja (worship) – paying homage to the Buddha.
(going for refuge) – committing to the path to enlightenment by
seeking “refuge” in the Buddha,
dharma or spiritual
(confession of sins) – appraisal of one's shortcomings and a
resolve to overcome them.
(rejoicing in merit) – honoring one's own and others' positive
(prayer, entreaty) and yacana (supplication) – requesting
the assistance of those who are more enlightened.
(surrender) – the declaration of altruism and self-denial.
sources separate vandana and puja as distinct steps, while others
separate adhyesana and yacana – in each case creating a seven-fold
path of worship.