Definition - What does Sthala Basti mean?
Sthala basti is a Hatha yoga cleansing technique that targets the colon by sucking air into the body through the anus. It is a difficult technique that involves pulling the abdomen in and up.
Basti is used in the traditional Indian medicine practice of Ayurveda and it is one of the six techniques that comprise shatkarma (also called shatkriya), the yogic body cleansing system.
Yogapedia explains Sthala Basti
There are two types of basti, the other being jala basti, in which water is sucked into the anus with or without the use of a tube. Jala basti should be mastered before moving on to sthala basti.
Sthala basti can be performed in different postures, including utkatasana and ardha paschimottanasana, but a supine position is recommended for beginners.
Sthala basti improves digestion by relieving gas from the colon. Because poor digestion leads to other problems, sthala basti can help prevent headaches, improve concentration and promote an overall feeling of well-being.