Jatharagni

Definition - What does Jatharagni mean?

Jatharagni is the name given in Ayurveda, the sister science of yoga, for the digestive fire in the body thatis responsible for metabolising food. It is is said to be located in the lower stomach, duodenum, small intestine and pancreas, and is regarded by some as a god within the body.

Jatharagni is one of 13 types of fire in the body according to Ayurvedic philosophy.

The name comes from the Sanskrit jathara meaning “abdomen” and agni meaning “fire”.

Yogapedia explains Jatharagni

It is important for optimum health that jatharagni is in balance, both for good digestion and overall health.

However, jatharagni is susceptible to being affected by the doshas in four possible ways, causing it to present as four types of jatharagni. These are:

  • Vishama agni, where vata dominates. This causes the digestion to be variable and unstable, always changing. Sometimes it will be fast and sometimes slow and weak. At times this may lead to indigestion.

  • Tikshna agni, where pitta dominates. The leads to a very intense and quick digestive capacity, which can be too strong. It may lead to the burning of bodily tissues and weakness.

  • Manda agni, where kapha dominates. This is the likely to cause disease, as the digestion is very slow and sluggish. People with manda agni will frequently experience indigestion.

  • Sama agni, where the tri-doshas have balanced influence. This leads to the perfect functioning of jatharagni and is considered its ideal state.

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