Para Brahma

Last updated: December 21, 2023

What Does Para Brahma Mean?

Para Brahma is a term in Hindu, Sikh and yoga philosophy that can refer to the Supreme Spirit, Highest Self, or Brahman, the Ultimate or Absolute Reality and the eternal, spiritual Source of the universe. In some Hindu traditions, Para Brahma is the highest form of God the creator, sustainer, and destroyer of all life.

The term comes from the Sanskrit, para, meaning “supreme,” “highest” or “beyond”; and brahma, meaning “sacred,” “divine” and “absolute.” Para Brahma is sometimes translated as “beyond Brahman.”


Yogapedia Explains Para Brahma

In Hinduism, Para Brahma is perceived in different ways, depending on the branch or tradition.

In Vaishnavism, the largest sect of Hinduism, Vishnu is the manifestation of Para Brahma. In the Advaita Vedanta tradition, Para Brahma is Brahman without qualities (nirguna Brahman) and the state of complete knowledge of the Self. In some other Vedanta traditions, it is Brahman with qualities (saguna Brahman). In Shaivism, Para Brahma is the manifestation of Shiva, while in Shaktism, it is Devi.

The Para Brahma Upanishad is one of the minor Upanishads (ancient Hindu texts) that details why sannyasin (wandering monks) abandon certain customs and describes the importance of Brahman.

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