Advaita Vedanta is a subschool of
Vedanta, which itself is one of six orthodox schools of Hindu
philosophy. Advaita is one of the two oldest of the schools of
Vedanta, having been formed around the eighth century. What
distinguishes Advaita from other forms of Vedanta is the belief that
the Self or Soul (Atman) is identical to Brahman. Knowledge of this oneness of Atman and Brahman is full
awareness. Advaita Vedanta also believes that this realization of
Brahman is attainable while still living on Earth.
Karma triggers the cycle of
reincarnation. All of a person's good and bad actions leave
vasanas, or karmic residue, which affect each future life.
Moksha liberates the soul from this cycle.
Like other schools of Vedanta, Advaita
recognizes the three Hindu texts that comprise the "Prasthanatrayi":
the Vedas (particularly the Upanishads), the Bhagavad Gita and the