Definition - What does Kali Asana mean?
Kali asana is a squatting pose that opens the hips and groin. The term comes from the name of the fierce Hindu goddess, Kali (from the Sanskrit, kal, meaning “time” and “dark”) and asana, meaning “pose” or “posture.”
To practice Kali asana, separate the feet until they are shoulder-width apart and firmly on the ground. Then drop into a deep squat with the hips below the knees. Place the hands in prayer position, with either the elbows out to the side or pressing against the inside of the knees.
In English, the asana is known as the squatting birth pose because it is a traditional position among many cultures for labor and birth.
Yogapedia explains Kali Asana
This asana is one of several poses that are also known by the Sanskrit name malasana (garland pose), although the basic squatting position of Kali asana is the most common posture associated with malasana. When a distinction is made, Kali asana has a wider foot position.
Kali asana offers a varied range of physical benefits, from increased flexibility to alleviating constipation. It also improves focus and concentration, reduces mental stress and energizes the body and mind.
On a deeper level, Kali asana is a grounding pose and stimulates the apana vayu, or the downward-flowing eliminating prana energy. By tapping into this energy, the yogi can deal with whatever physical, spiritual or emotional issues are holding him/her back.