In yoga, sitali pranayama can be used
to regulate the body temperature and calm the mind after asana
practice. It is particularly useful in hot weather. Sitali pranayama
is also recommended by practitioners of the traditional Indian
medicine of Ayurveda as a treatment for a pitta dosha imbalance. The
pitta dosha is the body bio-element that controls metabolism, energy
production and digestion.
Sitali and a related pranayama, sitkari, are often referred to together as the cooling pranayamas. A
yogi who finds it difficult to roll the tongue may practice sitkari,
in which the breath is drawn in through the mouth with closed teeth.