Eka Pada Jathara Parivartanasana
Definition - What does Eka Pada Jathara Parivartanasana mean?
Eka pada jathara parivartanasana is an asana great for spinal alignment, stretching hip flexors and hamstrings, and clearing digestive pathways. From Sanskrit, eka means “one," pada means "leg," jathara means "inner fire" or "abdomen," parivarta means "twist" or "turning," and asana means "pose."
To practice eka pada jathara parivartanasana, begin lying flat on the back. Bend the knees of one leg and bring it close to the chest with the other leg remaining straight. Let the lifted leg fall over to the opposite side of the body with an abdominal twist, and with the leg perpendicular to the other side of the body. Repeat on the opposite side. A variation of this pose is a choice between keeping the leg bent or straightening it out, which increases the intensity of the twist.
The English translation is one-legged belly twist.
Yogapedia explains Eka Pada Jathara Parivartanasana
The jathara, or inner fire, is present in all humankind and must be taken into consideration during a yoga practice. When the inner fire is balanced, the skin glows, the power within the body increases, the spirit is kind and courageous, and the digestive system removes toxins, thereby creating an overall healthy disposition. This pose is very important in keeping the inner fire in balance which helps with anxiety, depression and other mood disorders that can occur when the energy is not stable.
The variations of this pose between bent or straight legs contributes to the other physical benefits in the lower body, but the twisting motion is most important for the spiritual benefits.
There is also another variation of this pose in which both legs twist together across the body. All variations can be practice by beginners to advanced practitioners.