Definition - What does Parivrtta Paschimottanasana mean?
Parivrtta paschimottanasana is a seated posture that is both restorative and energizing. From dandasana, the upper body folds forward and twists to one side with each hand grasping the outside of the opposite foot.
The name comes from the Sanskrit, parivrtta, meaning “revolved” or “reverse”; paschima, meaning “back” or “west”; uttana, meaning “stretched out”; and asana, meaning “pose” or “posture.”
In English, it is known as revolved seated forward fold.
Yogapedia explains Parivrtta Paschimottanasana
This asana is a variation of paschimottanasana (seated forward bend), a resting stretch, but adding the mild twist stimulates the spine. As a forward bend, it calms the nervous system and the mind. As a twist, it activates the manipura (solar plexus or navel) chakra. This chakra is the body's energy and vitality center, and opening it through this posture is believed to dispel fear and insecurity. Manipura is associated with self-esteem, self-confidence and a sense of purpose.
Parivrtta paschimottanasana is also a grounding asna. As such, it activates the muladhara (root) chakra, which provides a sense of stability and security. Opening muladhara also sets the foundation for activating the other chakras.