The guru shishya parampara is found in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. The shishya
typically lives with the guru. Knowledge is passed from guru to
shishya through the spiritual, intellectual and emotional bond between them. The guru guides his pupils on their path
to knowledge and enlightenment. The relationship requires the shishya
to be obedient and devoted to the guru.
The guru's level of authority varies
based on the tradition, with the highest found in Bhakti yoga, which
requires total surrender to the guru. Bhakti represents perhaps the
best known form of the guru-disciple relationship. In Bhakti
yoga, the guru shishya parampara is based on the student's devotion
to the guru as a divine being and his belief that the guru can impart the knowledge that leads to moksha (freedom from cyclical rebirth).