Last updated: December 21, 2023

What Does Sakshi Mean?

Sakshi is a Sanskrit term with several meanings, including “witness,” “Supreme Being” and “the ego.” The word is derived from the roots, sa, meaning “with,” and aksha, meaning “senses,” “eyes” or “spiritual wisdom.” This wisdom is the insight a yogi gains through awakening his/her inner witness, or sakshi.

In Hindu philosophy, sakshi refers to the concept of pure awareness in which the yogi witnesses the world, but does not get involved or become affected by worldly things.


Yogapedia Explains Sakshi

In yoga, sakshi is a key element of meditation. For meditation to be effective, the yogi must become a neutral observer of his/her thoughts, breath and body. Without this detached form of self-observation, the yogi will fail to achieve the benefits of meditation.

As sakshi, the yogi distances him/herself from the body and thoughts, and instead rests in pure awareness. The concept of sakshi has three components:

  • Observing one’s inner experiences
  • Staying detached during the process
  • Internalizing the sakshi experience as a spiritual vision

In its purest form, sakshi is one with the universe, existing beyond space and time. It is sometimes referred to as synonymous with Atman (the Self or Soul). As such, sakshi is pure knowledge and pure consciousness.

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