In yoga, sakshi is a key element of
meditation. For meditation to be effective, the yogi must become a
neutral observer of his/her thoughts, breath and body. Without
this detached form of self-observation, the yogi will fail to achieve
the benefits of meditation.
As sakshi, the yogi distances him/herself
from the body and thoughts, and instead rests in pure awareness. The
concept of sakshi has three components:
- Observing one's inner experiences
- Staying detached during the
- Internalizing the sakshi
experience as a spiritual vision
In its purest form, sakshi is one with
the universe, existing beyond space and time. It is sometimes
referred to as synonymous with Atman (the Self or Soul). As such,
sakshi is pure knowledge and pure consciousness.