Definition - What does Bhaga mean?

Bhaga is a Sanskrit word that means “wealth,” “power” or “fortune.” It is sometimes used as a term for a mortal or a god who awards good fortune. Specifically, it is the name of the Hindu god of wealth, prosperity and marriage.

Bhaga is one of the 12 Adityas, a group of deities known as the sun gods, as described in the ancient text, the "Bhagavata Purana." The Adityas are different avatars of Lord Vishnu in the form of the sun god, Surya, also known in Vedic traditions as Bhagavan. As Bhaga, he resides in the body of all living things.

Yogapedia explains Bhaga

Bhaga is known as “the giver” because he bestows not just worldly wealth and security but spiritual abundance and devotion as well. He is the male counterpart of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth.

Bhaga is said to be blind in that he distributes wealth and abundance regardless of the person's station in life. Hindu mythology contains various stories that describe his blindness. In the best known myth, Bhaga is blinded by the warrior, Virabhadra, an incarnation that Shiva created to exact revenge on his wife's father, Dakshas. Bhaga was a priest at the fire sacrifice where Shiva's beloved wife, Sati, killed herself.

Bhaga's wife was Siddhi, the personification of the mystical powers (siddhis) attained through spiritual practices such as yoga and meditation. By meditating on the Adityas, including Bhaga, the yogi can awaken powers of the higher consciousness within.

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