Guru Granth Sahib

Last updated: December 21, 2023

What Does Guru Granth Sahib Mean?

The "Guru Granth Sahib" is the primary religious text of Sikhism. Believed to be a spiritual guide for people of all faiths and religious traditions, it plays an important role in the daily devotional lives of Sikhs.

The "Guru Granth Sahib" is a collection of spiritual revelations, known as baani, that describe the nature of God and how unity with God is possible through meditation. The entire text is said to have been transmitted directly from the Divine to the religion's 10 founding gurus and, as such, is considered to be a manifestation of Sikhism's eternal living Guru.


Yogapedia Explains Guru Granth Sahib

The first edition of the "Guru Granth Sahib" was written in the Gurmukhi script and recorded by Sikhism's fifth guru, Guru Arjan (1563-1606). The text is considered to contain the living spirit of the original 10 Sikh gurus, or prophet-masters, carrying forth the lineage of these founders.

The core principle of the "Guru Granth Sahib" is unity with God. It's teachings state that to be reunited with God, one must meditate on God's nam, or "name." This is necessary in reaching spiritual unity with the Divine.

In addition to the writings of the Sikh gurus, the "Guru Granth Sahib" incorporates teachings from a variety of both Islamic and Hindu saints. Unique to this holy text is that it was written directly by the Sikh gurus themselves and not, as in many other world religions, by the devotees or followers of the teachers. This makes the "Guru Granth Sahib" of particular historical interest as it is unusual among religious texts.

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