Sitkari pranayama is recommended for
yogis who have difficulty practicing sitali pranayama, in which the
breath is drawn in through a curled tongue as if through a straw.
In yoga, sitkari pranayama can be used
to regulate the body temperature and calm the mind after asana practice. It is particularly useful in hot temperatures.
Sitkari and sitali pranayama are also
recommended by practitioners of the traditional Indian medicine of Ayurveda as a treatment for a pitta dosha imbalance. The pitta dosha is the body bio-element that controls metabolism, energy
production and digestion.