Definition - What does Simhasana mean?
Simhasana is a strong seated asana, which incorporates a powerful breathing technique with a forceful exhalation. The name comes from the Sanskrit simha, meaning "lion," and asana, meaning "pose." This name refers to the fierce lion-like expression of the yogi's face as well as the roaring sound of the breath made while in this posture.
This asana is well-known for its ability to reduce stress and anger through the active release of tension with the exhale. It is also a good posture for stimulating and engaging all three bandhas.
Simhasana may also be referred to as lion pose in the West.
Yogapedia explains Simhasana
Simhasana provides an ideal outlet for negative energy. The powerful exhalation and the engagement of the arms and shoulders are a manifestation of the release of negative energy from inside. It is said that many problems are a result of anger and resentment held inside and simhasana releases that energy. It is important that the exhalation is strong and full of intention, not half-hearted, in order to experience the full benefits.
Various instructions for the pose's drishti are given among yogic texts: some suggest the gaze should be up toward the third eye between the eyebrows, others suggest the tip of the nose.
It is said that the stimulation of the abdomen by the breath helps release tension held there, and stimulates the manipura chakra. Thus, simhasana can help bring about healthy self-esteem and empowerment.