Definition - What does Tyaga mean?
Tyaga is a Sanskrit word that means “abandonment,” “sacrifice,” “forsaking” and “renunciation.” In the Bhagavad Gita, tyaga refers to relinquishing the fruit of one's actions. In the context of yoga and Hindu philosophy, tyaga is the dispassionate giving up of what results from one's actions. Something is done simply because the action is supposed to be done – not for any positive or negative result.
When practicing tyaga, the yogi gives up anything or any attachment that stands between him/her and self-realization. The tyaga may be permanent or for a set period of time.
Yogapedia explains Tyaga
Tyaga is a practice related to sanyasa, which is also a giving up of worldly things, but is a broader concept. Sanyasa also may be translated as “abandonment,” but it involves renouncing material possessions in order to concentrate purely on spiritual matters. It is a solemn oath to make a lifestyle of abstaining from worldly objects and pursuits, such as possessions, sexual pleasure, comforts, fame and reputation. A yogi practicing sanyasa abandons desires and motives that instigate actions.
With tyaga, on the other hand, the yogi gives up attachment to the fruits of such actions. The yogi should not expect anything or desire anything as a result of his/her actions.