Definition - What does Satya Yuga mean?
In Hinduism and yogic philosophy, Satya Yuga is the first age of the world cycle of ages, or yugas. It is considered the golden age in which humanity is righteous and devoid of wickedness. This is the age of truth, virtue and righteousness; and when everyone practices yoga for spiritual understanding.
Following Satya Yuga, humanity descends into progressively less enlightened yugas until the world is purged and the cycles begin anew with Satya Yuga. Most Hindu scholars believe we are currently in the fourth and final yuga, Kali Yuga.
Yogapedia explains Satya Yuga
Derived from Sanskrit, satya means "truth." In yoga, satya is one of five yamas (ethical rules), representing truthfulness and avoiding misrepresentation.
The yugas symbolize the gradual human loss of the inner self and subtle body. They also explain how humanity gradually loses righteousness from one yuga to another. It is only during Satya Yuga that righteousness, perfection and truth reign supreme. All work is pure; and meditation, knowledge and penance are held in high regard.
Although estimates vary, some say Satya
Yuga lasts more than 1,700,000 years, and human life expectancy
during this yuga is over 4,000 years.
In chronological order, the yugas are:
- Satya Yuga – This yuga is also known as Krita Yuga, or the perfection age.
- Treta Yuga – This is the age of mankind and represents a one-quarter decline in spirituality and the spiritual practice of yoga.
- Dwapara Yuga – In this age, spirituality continues to decline, and virtue and sin show up in equal measure.
- Kali Yuga – The age of conflict, Kali Yuga is described as one quarter virtue and three-fourths sin.