Definition - What does Baddha Padmasana mean?
Baddha padmasana is an advanced yoga pose that is considered to be the complete version of the seated asana, padmasana (lotus pose). Although the pose is not used for meditation like lotus pose, it offers a number of physical and spiritual benefits for the body.
In this pose, the practitioner assumes padmasana, then crosses the arms behind the back to grab onto the big toes of each foot.
The name for this pose comes from the Sanskrit baddha, meaning "bound," padma, meaning "lotus," and asana, meaning "posture." It is sometimes also called bandha padmasana, and is known as bound lotus pose in English.
Yogapedia explains Baddha Padmasana
Baddha padmasana binds the body into a symbol of infinity. In Kundalini yoga, this asana helps awaken kundalini energy, destroy karmic obstacles, and clear the pathways for energy to flow. It is a powerful, restorative posture that can help the practitioner rest in a state of stillness and awakened consciousness (samadhi).
Practicing baddha padmasana clears the chakras and rebalances the body. Its heart-opening stance energizes the anahata (heart) chakra, and the pose stimulates the nerve center associated with the manipura (solar plexus) chakra. This stimulation draws energy into the body, and can help the practitioner eliminate negative behaviors and unwanted habits.
When used as part of a purely physical practice, baddha padmasana strengthens and straightens the spine, improves posture and flexibility, relieves digestive disorders, and energizes the whole body. It also makes the joints more limber and eases arthritic conditions.
Additionally, this asana calms the mind, relieves stress, improves focus and boosts self-confidence.