Last updated: December 21, 2023

What Does Vaikhari Mean?

Vaikhari is, according to Hindu and yogic philosophy, the last of four stages that sounds, or sabda, go through as they come to be perceptible and audible. It is considered the gross-level articulated sound of living beings and physical objects.

Vaikhari is the aspect of the sound process, or journey, which is acoustic. Yogis believe that sound comes not from the throat, but actually originates with the urge, or thought, to speak. As such, it is believed that sound starts at the root chakra and travels up to the throat to be expressed as vaikhari. This sound is then an aspect of the yogi’s life force being expressed.


Yogapedia Explains Vaikhari

The Vedas describe the four stages of sound, of which vaikhari is the last, as follows:

  • Paraa, the subtle sound from the origin at the root chakra
  • Pasyanti, the sound through and from the navel/solar plexus chakra
  • Madhyamaa, the form of sound as it is associated with the heart chakra
  • Vaikhari, the sound as it is expressed as speech or noise from the throat, tongue, lips and teeth

It is said that a yogi’s ability to experience each level of sound is dependent on the refinement of his/her awareness and consciousness. Each stage is associated with a different level of existence, with vaikhari being the outermost, or gross, experience. Vaikhari is the physical consciousness and is coupled with the physical body, or sthula.

While vaikhari is traditionally associated with the throat chakra, it is also linked with jaagrat, or wakeful consciousness. It, therefore, has additional connections with kriya shakti, or the power of action.

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