Yet another is the phrase, para vidya, which means "a higher level of learning and knowledge" in Hindu philosophy. In this case, para is used to mean the "highest point" or "paramount object."
In Hindu mythology, there is a goddess known as Para Shakti. She is an embodiment of the goddesses Devi/Parvati/Durga. Her name means "Supreme Being."
There is also a school, the Para Yoga school. The school was founded by Rod Stryker and combines a range of yoga practices by bringing together classical yoga, Tantra and Ayurveda.
In many ways, it is easiest to think of para as an adjective that denotes "the highest" or "supreme" expression of a subject or object.