Bahiranga yoga practices complement and
lead to Antaranga yoga, or the inner path, which typically is
described as the final three or four limbs, culminating in samadhi,
the state of enlightenment and ecstasy.
Bahiranga yoga includes:
- The five yamas, or personal
virtues – ahimsa
(not stealing), brahmacharya
(self-discipline and self-denial) and aparigraha
- The five niyamas, or codes of
behavior – shaucha (purity
of mind and body),
(self-study) and ishvara
to a higher source).
- The asanas, or postures that Westerners most often associate with yoga practice. They strengthen
and discipline the body and the mind.
- Pranayama, or breathing exercises,
rejuvenates the body and mind by sending the life force energy where
Pratyahara is considered part of
Bahiranga yoga by some yogis and part of Antaranga yoga by others. It
is the transition between the external and inner practices.
Pratyahara is the transcending or withdrawal of the senses. In this
practice, the yogi observes the external world objectively to enhance
his/her inner growth.