Definition - What does Root Chakra mean?
The root chakra is said in yoga to be a wheel of energy located at the base of the spine. It is the first and lowest of the seven primary chakras. It is believed to include in its circle of prana, or life force energy, the bottom three vertebrae of the spine, as well as the bladder and colon. Its activation point is on the perineum.
The Sanskrit name for root chakra is muladhara.
Yogapedia explains Root Chakra
The root chakra is associated with the color red and is responsible for one's feeling of basic trust. The root chakra corresponds to the energy of survival and existence; hence, yogic teaching emphasizes the importance of balancing this chakra.
If the root chakra is in balance, it is believed to promote good digestion and masculine sexual function. If it is out of balance, it is thought to cause problems such as lower back pain, depression, fatigue and anemia. Lack of balance in this chakra can also be associated with digestive issues such as constipation.
The bija mantra associated with the nabhi chakra is Lam, and chanting Lam is thought to be one way of bringing the root chakra back into balance. There are also certain postures in yoga believed to help activate and balance the root chakra. These include mountain pose and savasana. Physical exercise and deep sleep are also said to stimulate the root chakra.