In Buddhism, Kapila is known as either the Buddha in a previous life or as a philosopher whose students built the city believed to be the birthplace of Buddha. Like Buddha, Kapila emphasized meditation as a method for removing suffering.
The Bhagavad Gita depicts Kapila as a hermit with highly developed spiritual powers (siddhis). The Samkhya system attributed to him constitutes the philosophical background of the Gita and is closely associated with yoga. Likewise, the Yoga Sutras by Patanjali were deeply influenced by Samkhya.
A dualistic philosophy, Samkhya teaches that the universe consists of purusha (souls) and prakriti (primal matter). Enlightenment is the realization that purusha and prakriti are different.