Definition - What does Mula Bandha mean?
Mula bandha is one of the three bandhas that direct the flow of prana (life energy). The term comes from the Sanskrit mula, meaning “root” or “base,” and bandha, meaning “lock.”
The mula bandha is located between the sphincter and pelvic floor muscles. To engage the mula bandha, the pelvic floor is contracted and lifted toward the spine. Engaging the mula bandha keeps prana flowing up through the body, rather than out of it.
Mula bandha is typically engaged during pranayama, but can also be applied effectively in yoga practice and meditation.
Yogapedia explains Mula Bandha
Mula refers to the base of the torso and it is related to the muladhara, or root chakra. Energizing this chakra is believed to ground the individual, providing the inner stability necessary for personal growth. The purpose of the mula bandha is to prevent energy from flowing out of the body, directing it instead through the spine and the chakras.
Other benefits of engaging the mula bandha include:
- Energizes the body and increases vitality.
- Builds core strength.
- Protects the muscles of the lower back, making asanas safer.
- Improves mental clarity and concentration.
It is also believed that this practice can regulate menstrual cycles, lower respiration and heart rates, reduce blood pressure and improve digestion.
The other two bandhas are the uddiyana bandha (stomach lock) and the jalandhara bandha (chin lock).