Definition - What does Satsang mean?
Satsang is a Sanskrit term meaning “being in the company of the truth” or “right association," and refers to a group of like-minded people who engage in a spiritual dialogue. The root words, sat and sanga, mean "true" and "community," respectively; therefore, satsang may also be thought of as friendship or relationship with the truth itself.
On an esoteric level, satsang is associated with the inner quality of sattva (goodness or purity), one of the three qualities of nature (prakriti). Sattva manifests as thoughtfulness, knowledge, peace and contemplation. A sattvic person makes a natural satsangi, or "seeker of truth."
Yogapedia explains Satsang
The following are standard requirements to experiencing satsang:
- A shared intention between group members
- Context to spark spiritual insight
- An agreement regarding ground rules
Traditionally, satsang is a meeting with an enlightened being, or satguru; but generally, it is any kind of program in which teaching and meditation take place. However, satsang can also be practiced alone by cultivating truth within one’s inner self and remaining centered on thoughts of the Divine. As such, for Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism, satsang typically refers to the spiritual and devotional activities such as yogic meditation, concentration, devotional singing or dancing.
Satsang can also include reading or listening to spiritual teachings and then reflecting on and discussing their meanings. It means assimilating those meanings into daily life. In a broader sense, satsang can include the guidance of the inner voice awakened as the potential of the higher Self is realized.
Furthermore, satsang is an aid on the yogic path to moksha (liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth). It helps remove negative thoughts, earthly attachments and mental obstacles that block the path. Satsang keeps people engaged in spiritually-centered thoughts and focused on their paths.