Definition - What does Samadhi mean?
Samadhi is derived from the Sanskrit, sam, meaning "together with," "completely," or "perfectly," a, meaning "near to" or "all around" and dha, meaning "put." Its most basic definition implies a complete state of concentration. For a practitioner of yoga and for a disciple of meditation, the spiritual significance of samadhi is much more profound. In the classical system of Patanjali, samadhi is the eighth and final step in the meditative process before the Self is released from its self-ignorance and enters the ultimate condition of kaivalya, “aloneness.”
Yogapedia explains Samadhi
Samadhi is the final aspect, or "limb," of the spiritual Ashtanga yoga practice. Patanjali outlined these limbs as follows:
- Yama (ethical living)
- Niyama (healthy living)
- Asana (the meditative sitting posture, or the more physical yoga poses)
- Pranayama (awareness of one's breath)
- Pratyahara (withdrawing one's mind from the senses)
- Dharana (deep concentration)
- Dhyana (deep meditation)
- Samadhi (enlightenment)
The final three limbs are collectively referred to as the antranga, or "inner limbs," and are often practiced as one practice known as samyama, “constraint.”
A yogi achieves a meditative state by concentrating on both their physical being and their rhythm of breath. In this case, the meditative state is not a thinking or evaluating state; instead, it is a state where release from the mistaken identity with matter is the ultimate goal. Samadhi can be described as the state at which one becomes purely aware of the sanctity of one's self.
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